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India

While officially secular, India is one of the most publicly religious countries on the planet. Nearly 80% of the population is Hindu, and Hinduism has made the most evident and profound impact on the culture there. But India is extremely pluralistic, and its religious vibrancy – in all forms – is put on public view in vivid color.

Catholicism continues to be influenced by the many other religions that thrive there. Catholics’ extreme devotional practice draws from Hindu, Syrian, and colonial Portuguese and contemporary Catholic practices. India is also home to two Eastern rite churches in full communion with the pope, the Syro-Malabar and Syro-Malankara, who trace their origins to the Apostle Thomas.

Demographics

  • 1.United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects, 2014.
  • 2.United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Trends in International Migrant Stock: The 2015 revision.
  • 3.United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, Homicide Statistics 2015.
  • 4.Transparency International, Corruption Perceptions Index 2016.
  • 5.UNICEF, State of the World's Children, 2016.
  • 6.Statistical Yearbook of the Church, 2015. Vatican City: Librera Editrice Vaticana, 2017.
  • 7.World Economic Forum, The Global Gender Gap Report, 2016.